CULTURE AND TRADITIONS TO BE FOLLOWED DURING DUSSEHRA
Dussehra means its full of traditions and culture it has systematic way of worshiping goddess durga during dussehra, is not a single day festival its a complete pack of nine days called as (Navarathrulu), during these dussehra festival people worship goddess Durga. And each day has a specific tradition or culture in worshiping of goddess durga. Let us see the 9 days traditions should be followed during dussehra festival.
SOME OF THE CULTURES AND TRADITIONS SHOULD BE FOLLOWED DURING DUSSEHRA FESTIVAL ARE GIVEN BELOW
Dussehra is one of the most important festival which is celebrated by the major part of the India and it is celebrated all over the India during the month of Sept-Oct and it also has Vijayadhashami, Durga Navarathri, dussehra or Devi Navarathri. As it is celebrated all over India it has different cultures and traditions followed by different people. This festival is celebrated for nine days but some people celebrate for seven days and some for five days and some people celebrate for 3 days, it depends on the region and people. “Nava-rathri” literally means “nine auspicious nights ”.
NINE DAYS OF NAVARATHRI OR DURGA POOJA
During these nine days celebrations worshiping of goddess durga is done with full of zeal, dedication and love. Nine days are separated into 3 types each type has 3 days. In the first three days goddess is invoked as supreme power as durga, and next tree days as goddess Laxmi and mother of spiritual wealth, in last 3 days goddess is worshiped as saraswati and goddess of wisdom. Goddess durga is worshiped in 9 forms as navadurga.
On the first day of navarathri goddess durga is worshiped as shailputri, and matha shailputri worshiped by people on the first day of navarathi with some special poojas and goddess durga is decorated as shailputri which is the first form of nava durgas. Shailputri is the daughter of Himalayas and wife of lord Shiva and also known as Shakti. Pure ghee is offered to goddess shailputri as prasada or nayvadhyam.
There is a important Mantra to worship goddess durga or shaiilputri is below,
“Vandhe vanchhit laabhayya, Chandraradha kritha shekharam,
Vrishaarudham shuladharam shaila-putrim.”
This is the second form of goddess nava durga, and people worship goddess durga as brahmacharini on the second day, Bhramacharini means “brahma” means “penance” and “charini” means “ a female follower or a devotee”. Goddess bramhacharini is also called as parvati, tapaswini. Goddess apprears with rudhraksha as ornaments and has a rosary beeds used for prayers and kamandal in right hand. And also known as goddess of virtue, peace and prosperity and happiness.
This is the third from of goddess nava durga, and devotes worship goddess chandraghanta on the third day of navarathri. Chandraghanta means “half moon shaped face” or like bell shaped. This goddess is considered as goddess of bravery and courage. This goddess keep her third eye open always and fight with demons and also known as goddess of war and victory. By worshiping this form or goddess devotes believe that their all the sins, distress, physical and mental sufferings will be vanished. Her appearance is with eight hands with kamandal, bow arrow, thrishual, gadha and sword, and lion or tiger as a vechile and stand as symbol of brave and courage .
This is the fourth form of goddess of nava durga, and people worship goddess durga as kushmanda on the fourth day of navarathri. Goddess kushmanda world with her divine smile, her name indicates “Ku” means “a little” and ‘ushma” means “energy” and “anda” means “cosmic egg”. People believe that by following or worshiping goddess kushmanda they get good health, wealth and strength.
This is the fifth form of goddess of nava durga, and devotes worship goddess durga as skandamata on the fifth day of navarathri. Skandamata means “Skanda” means another name for god karthikeya and “Mata” means “Mother”. She is goddess with lotus seat and god skanda in her lap and lion as the vehicle. She grants lots of wisdom and treasure to the devotes worshiping the goddess. And devotes should have control over their mind and body while worshiping skandamata.
It is the sixth from of goddess of nava durga, and people worship her as katyani on the sixth day of navarathri. Her birth is originated from anger of gods and it is written in Skanda purana. She was daughter of katyayana rishi, so named as katyayani. She is worshiped by devotes to get good husband and by taking a vow of fasting called katyayani-vratha. It is believed that by devotes good husband will get by worshiping goddess katyayani.
This is the seventh among nava durga, and devotes worship her as kalratri on the seventh day of navarathri. She is considered as one of the main from of destructive goddess such as kali, mahakali, badrahali, chandi and durga. This form of goddess is considered as destroyer of all demons, evils and ghosts. This form appearance itself is very fearful. It is believed that she always do good to devotes.
- MAHA GAURI
It is the eighth from of goddess of nava durga, and people worship her as Maha Gauri on the eighth day of navarathri. Her name Mahagauri means extremely white, it is believed that she has powers to fulfill all the desires of devotees. She has thambura in her hands and wears white clothes and white bull as vehicle.
She is the ninth form of goddess nava durga, and devoteses worship her as siddhidatri on the ninth day of navarathri and “Siddhi” means supernatural power and “Datri” means “giver or awarder”. She removes all the ignorance and provides knowledge to realize and fulfill all divine aspirations. And she has four hands and sits on the fully bloomed lotus flower or a lion.
VISARJAN OF IDOL
After nine days complete on navarathri durga pooja on the tenth day dashami or vijayadhashami, or dussehra the durga idol is taken for the visarjan or nimarjan, after the nimarjan of idol in the evening time everyone wears a new clothes and go for jammi leaves by distributing this leaves and wishing each other dussehra festival ends.